Over the past couple of decades, consolidation and bankruptcies have reshaped the airline industry in North America. Historic brands such as TWA, Continental, Northwest, and US Air have gone away, with new ones like JetBlue and Virgin America coming on strong.
The same can be said for the airline industry in South America.
Old names like Varig, LAN, and TAM have disappeared as newcomers like Azul and Gol in Brazil have become major players in the market. But the biggest story is the rise of pan-South American super airlines that have formed in recent years.
An Avianca Boeing 787 Dreamliner. Avianca
So far, the two major players are Avianca and Latam.
LATAM Airlines Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner
“Latin America, as a collection of many, many countries, traditionally had at least one, if